Crowsfoot

Botanical Name: Eleusine indica

Family: Poaceae

Lifecycle: Annual 

Seasons of Growth: Spring, Summer, Autumn

General Description: Crowsfoot is a hardy annual grass weed that will grow in all soil conditions and can survive in heavily compacted areas where couch grass may not. This low-growing grass is capable of setting seed even when closely mown. Though usually considered an annual, it may survive for more than a year in climates not subject to frost.    

Key Distinguishing Feature: This grass produces enormous seed loads

        

Key Products for Control: Pre and Post emergent herbicides are best used to combat this grass.

Pre emergent : Oxafert pre emergent herbicide with fertiliser. Application rate 4kg/100m2

Post emergent : Tribute. Application rate 20mL/100m2 - repeat application 3 times at 14 day intervals.

Paspalum

Botanical Name: Paspalum dilatatum 

Family: Poaceae 

Lifecycle: Evergreen   

Seasons of Growth: All year round

General Description: A long-lived tufted grass growing up to 1.5 m tall. Its leaf blades are slightly folded at the base and are usually hairless. Its seed-heads are borne at the tips of the upright flowering stems these seed-heads have 2-11 branches (2.5-11 cm long) that are alternatively arranged along a main stalk each seed-head branch bears numerous small flower spikelets that are covered with hairs.

        

Key Distinguishing Feature: Branched seed-heads are borne at the tips of the upright flowering stems

        

Key Products for Control:  Contact LawnPride for possible Paspalum control options.

Nut Grass

Botanical Name:  Cyperus rotundus

Family: Cyperaceae  

Lifecycle: Evergreen 

Seasons of Growth: All year round

General Description: A long-lived grass-like plant usually growing 20-50 cm tall. It produces a network of creeping underground stems with small tubers (10-25 mm long). Its upright flowering stems are smooth and three-angled in cross-section its very narrow leaves. Its seed-heads have 3-8 branches of varying in length (up to 10 cm long) and are subtended by two to four green leafy bracts. These branches bear several elongated reddish-brown or purplish-brown flower spikelets.

        

Key Distinguishing Feature: Reddish-purple colour of the flower spikelets is the easiest way of differentiating nutgrass. 

        

Key Products for Control:  Kenpra 1.3gr/4Ltr/100m2 - apply with a  non-ionic surfactant

Mullumbimby Couch

Botanical Name: Cyperus brevifolius

Family: Cyperaceae   
Lifecycle: Evergreen   
Seasons of Growth: All year round

General Description: A grass-like plant with long underground runners and upright flowering stems up to 40 cm tall. Its upright stems are three-angled in cross-section. Its bright green leaves (1-3 mm wide) are hairless and sheath the stem at the base. Its pale green seed-heads (6-7 mm long) have three or four green leafy bracts at the base and contain numerous small flower spikelets. Its 'seeds' are yellow to reddish-brown in colour. 

        

Key Distinguishing Feature: - Mullumbimby couch produces underground runners and has pale green coloured seed-heads

        

Key Products for Control: Kenpra 1.3gr/4Ltr/100m2 - apply with a  non-ionic surfactant

Summer Grass

Botanical Name: Digitaria sanguinalis

Family: Poaceae   

Lifecycle: Evergreen 
Seasons of Growth: Annual

General Description: Summer Grass is a common weed in Australia’s lawns and gardens, as well as invading bushland in many regions. It is a very fast growing weed which sends out its shoots in all directions from it’s centre. It spreads through it’s stolons, and its stems can be brown or red in colour, with thin grey-green leaves, and fine spiky seed heads that shoot upwards. A prolific seeder, Summer Grass should be removed from lawns when first noticed. 

Key Distinguishing Feature: Spikelets paired and all the way to the base of the 'fingers'. First glume is present. Sterile lemma is rough to touch on the nerves.

        

Key Products for Control:  Contact LawnPride for possible Summer Grass control options.

Winter Grass

Botanical Name: Poa annua

Family: Poaceae 
Lifecycle: Evergreen   
Seasons of Growth: Autumn - Late Spring - Seeding Throughout Winter and Spring    General Description: It has a slightly creeping, fibrous, rootstock. The stem grows from 15–25 cm high. It is slightly flattened, due to being folded rather than rolled. The panicle is open and triangular shaped, 5 to 7.5 cm long. The spikelets are stalked, 1 to 2 cm long when flowering, and loosely arranged on delicate paired or spreading branches. The vivid green leaves are short and blunt at the tips. The leaves are smooth above and below, with finely serrated edges.

      

Key Distinguishing Feature: Tufty, soft, light green grass with masses of seeds occurring all over the weed

        

Key Products for Control: Contact LawnPride for possible Summer Grass control options.